Cairo Is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa and the Arabic world.
Located near the Nile Delta, it was founded in AD 969. Nicknamed “the city of a thousand minarets” for its preponderance of Islamic architecture, Cairo has long been a center of the region’s political and cultural life.
The city is rich in monuments that date back to the Pharaonic, Coptic and Islamic periods,we find also interesting monuments date back to the time of Mohamed Ali’s family ( X royal family). or what We call modern Egypt 18th and 19th century.
was the first historical pharaonic capital of Egypt, it is 20 km south of Cairo, on the west bank of the nile, a world heritage site since 1979. It dates Back to 3200BC.
During its golden age, Memphis thrived as a regional centre for commerce, trade, and religion.
(Entrance ticket 40 EGP)
is on the west bank of the nile, 25km south of Cairo, it is the first necropolis of Egypt where we can find The first step pyramid of king Djoser 2686-2613BC, We can also find a number of Mastabas (tombs), another 16 Egyptian kings built their pyramids at Sakkara. (Entrance ticket 80 EGP)
40 kilometers south of Cairo, two pyramids,the Red Pyramid and the Bent Pyramid were built by the Pharaoh Sneferu, father of Khufu (2613-2589 BC), Kyops, one can visit the red pyramid.
25 km south west of Cairo city center, we find the three pyramids (kyops khefren and mekyrnes) and the Sphinx, The great pyramide is considered as one of the seven wonders of the world.
It is the oldest of the ancient wonders And the only one still exists.
the Giza Plateau, holds some of the most astonishing monuments in Egyptian history. Once thriving with the Nile that flowed right into the Giza Plateau, the pyramids of Giza were built overlooking the ancient Egyptian capital city of Memphis, which was near modern day Cairo.
(Entrance ticket 80 EGP)
Egyptian museum In El tahrir square
it has about 120000 items and the treasures of king Tut Ankh Amoun, it was built in 1902.
It consists of two floors, the first floor contains monuments that represent the Pharaonic art during it’s different periods (old kingdom, middle kingdom, new empire), and we can find treasures of king Tut Ankh Amoun and the mummy’s hall at the second floor.
(Entrance ticket 75 EGP)
Saladin citadel On El mokatam hill
built by Saladin (1176-1183). (Entrance ticket 60 EGP)
Mosque of Mohammad Ali
Known for the alabaster mosque, situated in the southern part of Saladin citadel, was built between 1830 and 1848AD.
The mosque-madrasa (school) of Sultan Hassan
Near to the citadel, was built by sultan Hassan, it is considered as a massive mamluk era mosque, a remarkable Architect 1359AD.
El Rifaie mosque
Was built between(1869-1912), we can find tombs of kings and queens of the last royal family (1805-1952) we find also the tomb of the shah of Iran.
(one entrance ticket for the two mosques Sultan Hassan Mosque andEl Rifaie mosque 40EGP)
The mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun
was built by Ahmad Ibn Tulun in the Samarran style, the Abbassid governer 879AD. (Entrance for FREE)
Gayer Anderson Museum
The Gayer-Anderson Museum (Bait al-Kretliya), is located in Cairo, adjacent to Ahmad Ibn Tulun’s Mosque
Two houses built in 1540 A.D and 1670 A.D, connected by a bridge, occupied (1935-1942) by Gayer Anderson, a British officer in the Egyptian army Who filled the house with his collection of Oriental furniture, glassware, crystal, carpets, silks, He also collected beautiful furniture and works of art from Turkey, Persia, Syria, and other Oriental locations.
Khan El Khalili souk
Is located in the islamic area of Cairo, was known as the turkish bazaar, it contains several shops and coffee Houses, it dates back to 1382AD.
it is considered as an open air museum, it is one of the oldest streets in Cairo, it is one kilometer long, it dates Back to the 10th century.
Located near Bab El Fetouh and Bab El Nasr, the northern side of the city, in El Darb El Asfar, the most Ancient quarter of Cairo, Bayt El Sehaymi is 350 years old.
Old Cairo / Coptic area
A part of Cairo, we find old Coptic orthodox, greek orthodox churches like the hanged church, Saint Serge, Saint George and also Beni Ezra syena gouge, as well as the remnants of Fustat city (the first Islamic capital Of Egypt 641AD).
Al Azhar park
North of Saladin citadel, we find Al Azhar Park, donation from the Aga Khan, a view of the citadel, and the Islamic area of Cairo
It was opened to public in 2005
Mohamed Mahmoud Khalil museum
Mohamed Khalil palace was founded in Giza in 1915, He was the president of the Egyptian Senate Council between the years 1938-1940
The palace contains four floors, The museum contains some of the masterpieces of great artists who shared in the movements of fine art in Europe specially France in 1960 his wife donated the palace with its magnificent and rare artifacts to become a museum, after that she died
Nilometer of Cairo
The Nilometer in Modern Cairo on the southern tip of Rawda (Roda, Rhoda) Island is a unique historical site in Cairo. It has the properties of being one of the oldest structures in Cairo built after the Arab conquest, as well as having a link to Egypt’s Pharaonic past.
It was used to measure the flood levels of the Nile River by modern dams, to regulate the distribution of water and to compute the levy of taxes, 861 A.D
Oum Kalthoum museum
Is a biographical museum of the famous Egyptian singer Oum Kalthoum, she used to be called the Star of the East, died in 1975
Display of Musical Instruments and her performance dresses